Plagiarism occurs when a student presents as his/her own work the thoughts, ideas, findings or work which he/she knows to be the work of another person, persons, or entity, without acknowledgement, of the kind commonly required in academic practice, of the author or the source. Plagiarism fundamentally breaches the principle of academic honesty. It may take many forms and it is unacceptable in academic work.
Materials plagiarised may include any printed, electronic or audio-visual material, including computer-based material, drawings, designs, experimental results or conclusions, statistical data, computer programs or other creative work.
Examples of plagiarism, whether by individuals or in group work, include the following:
- copying ideas, concepts, research data, images, sound or text significantly or entirely from another source such as a published article, text, computer program, internet source, another student’s work or draft work, and presenting it as the student’s own work;
- presenting an assessment task that is constructed of segments drawn from one or a number of sources without attribution of the source, linked by comments produced by the student;
- summarising another person’s work without acknowledgement of the source; failing to acknowledge use of books, articles and other sources such as the internet; failure to use appropriate footnotes or referencing when using a direct quote quotation from another work;
- failure to acknowledge an idea or an argument which is heavily dependent on the work of another person.
- citing texts or other sources which the student has not read, without acknowledging the secondary’ source from which knowledge of them has been obtained; submitting substantially the same final version of any material as another student in an assessment task even where there was legitimate cooperation and collaborative preparatory work;
- in group work, where the group utilises work from another group or source; a student claims credit for the work of the group but has not actively participated in or contributed to such work; a piece of work is acquired or commissioned and representing it as if it were the student’s and/or groups own work.